Pet & Equine Granules 200g

Pet & Equine Granules 200g

Pack size 200 grams (7oz).

The same nutritional profile for human consumption is available as Seagreens® Culinary Ingredient. For pallet volumes for agriculture and horticulture please ask for details.

£14.65

Produced by Seagreens Ltd, Great Britain

Description

Dried large granulated Seagreens® native wild Wrack seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum of human food quality, whose composition and health benefits Seagreens has studied and documented for over two decades. For human consumption use the smaller granules in Seagreens® Culinary Ingredient. Nothing added or extracted. Non-allergenic.

Important nutrients are missing in depleted soils, limited forage, feed processing and storage, and trends in pet and equine feed formulation. Seagreens® Ascophyllum nodosum contains all these nutrients. Its unusual breadth and density of nutrients – all of the vitamins, minerals, trace elements, polyphenols, amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, soluble fibre, enzymes and antioxidants – provide the micronutrients for domestic and grazing animals and sufficiency in soils and land-grown foods. In the soil this means support for microorganisms. In the plant it supports growth and vitality. In the animal, improved performance, immunity & temperament. It variously cleanses the blood and liver; repairs the hoof; maintains the bloom and overall condition; strengthens resistance and recovery and enhances the absorption and value of other feed nutrients.

Daily inclusion levels for each type and size of animal are also given in the necktag attached to each jar.

The Granules should be mixed in feed or given by hand and can also be infused in drinking water. Safe in permanent daily use. For livestock inclusion levels please request information about our agricultural Mineralizing Meal which has additional uses in composting, seed soaking, soil and watering.

British Isles and Nordic region. The best seaweed species are found in different locations. Seagreens has developed 5 food certified remote harvesting locations and production facilities in England, Iceland, Ireland, Norway and Scotland.

Pet & Equine Granules per 2 grams
(approximately 0.07oz or a generous level teaspoon)

Such a comprehensive balance of nutrients is found in no other natural food but seaweed. From the primordial ocean to the vegetation and animals which remain our food today, our own bodily composition has its origins in the earliest organisms and the very chemistry of life itself. As life forms became increasingly diverse they adopted more specific diets. To survive on a narrower range of nutrients and protect themselves against toxicity, each evolved different mechanisms of selectivity and defence. That is why we need a wide variety of land based foods, since each has a little of what we need. But nutrient loss in agricultural soils and so much less-than-natural food makes nutritional balance, especially of all the micronutrients, harder to achieve. Almost as old as the ocean, seaweed is an outstanding whole food which complements and fills the gaps in all land food and special diets.

1g (gram) = 1000mg (milligram) = 1,000,000µg (microgram)

Amino acids
Alanine 0.68 mg, Arginine 0.60 mg, Aspartic acid 0.84 mg, Cystine and Cysteine* 0.56 mg, Glutamic acid 1.04 mg,, Glycine 0.64 mg, Histidine 0.56 mg, Isoleucine 0.60 mg, Leucine 0.68 mg, Lysine 0.64 mg, Methionine 0.56 mg, Phenylalanine 0.60 mg, Phosphoserene 2.92 mg, Proline 0.68 mg, Serine 0.64 mg, Threonine 0.64 mg, Tryptophan 0.56 mg, Tyrosine 0.56 mg, Valine 0.64 mg.

*Cysteine is a non-essential methionine amino acid derivative formed in collaboration with vitamins B6 and B12 whereas cystine, a compound formed when two amino acids form a disulfide bond, is a more stable semi-essential amino acid. Both are important in protein synthesis, detoxification and metabolism and cystine is a substrate for the cystine-glutamate cell transport by which it is readily broken down to cysteine in the cell. Normal human hair and skin contains 10-14% cystine.
Amino acids are
Simple organic compounds containing both a carboxyl and an amino group which can combine in linear arrays to form proteins in living organisms. There are several important amino acids which have no relation to protein, such as the neurotransmitter aminobutyric acid and betaines. There are 20 common amino acids all of which are present in Seagreens®, which is not the case in any other whole food. The simplest amino acid is glycine, a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the spinal cord and brainstem of the vertebrate central nervous system.

Antioxidant capacity and principal antioxidant nutrients
Antioxidant capacity 403.32 µmole/TE ORAC. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) 990 µg, Calcium 24,000 µg, Copper 1.16 µg, Magnesium 16,060 µg, Phenolics (gallic acid equivalent) 332,220 µg, Polyphenols 70,132 µg, Potassium 38,100 µg, Selenium 0.08 µg, Superoxide dismutase 127 µg, Tannins 9,000 µg, Vitamin A (carotenoid precursors) 63.40µg, Vitamin C 848.28 µg, Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 103.52 µg, Zinc 48.32 µg.

Antioxidants are…
Nutrients widely present in body fluids and tissues that inhibit or remove potentially damaging products of oxidation or oxidizing agents in a living organism. Antioxidants are either soluble in water or lipids. Water-soluble antioxidants are effective in cells and blood plasma while lipid-soluble antioxidants protect cell membranes from lipid peroxidation. In the presence of sufficient nutrients both can be synthesized in the body or obtained from the diet. Antioxidant capacity of Seagreens® wrack seaweeds is higher than in commonly consumed fruit and vegetables, including green tea which has a similar polyphenol content by weight. Seagreens® antioxidants have been shown to inhibit and therefore prolong carbohydrate and lipid digestion with the potential to favourably influence insulin response and the glycemic index of food. They may be effective against reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the lower intestine. See also Polyphenols below.

Betaines
Glycine Betaine trace, Gamma Amino Butyric Acid Betaine trace, Delta Amino Valeric Acid Betaine trace, TML (Laminine) trace, L-Carnitine trace, Trigonelline trace.

Betaines are…
Compound derivatives of glycine (an amino acid) characterised by high solubility in water which functions as an osmotic agent in plant tissue. 6 betaines have so far been identified in Seagreens®.

Carbohydrates
1,106.40 mg of which total dietary fibre is 1,016.50 mg including non-starch polysaccharides Algin, Fucose, Fucoidan, Mannitol, Methylpentosans, Laminarin, Mannuronic acid and Chlorophyll (antioxidant). Soluble fibre is approximately 18% of total dietary fibre, insoluble 82%.

Carbohydrates are…
Organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues including sugars, starch and cellulose, containing 2 parts hydrogen to 1 part oxygen, the same ratio as water, which can typically be broken down to release energy more readily than proteins or fats. Simple carbohydrates are sweet-tasting sugars which can be absorbed through the intestine into the bloodstream as monosaccharides (glucose, fructose and galactose) and disaccharides (lactose, sucrose and maltose) can be converted to their two monosaccharide bases in the digestive tract. Complex carbohydrates, on the other hand, are commonly known as starches made up of chains of glucose molecules. Typical high starch foods include most grains (wheat, corn, oats and rice) and potatoes. Starch is also broken down in the digestive tract though more slowly than simple carbohydrate. Compared with most vegetables Seagreens® has a valuable ratio of soluble to insoluble fibre, with soluble fibre up to 20% of total dietary fibre. The wide variety of non-starch polysaccharides is also antioxidant, contributing to Seagreens® outstanding antioxidant capacity.

Enzymes
Protease (pH7.4) 1,347.92 µg, Superoxide dismutase (antioxidant) 127 µg, Carbohydrase (pH8) 143.92 µg, Uronic acid 31.40 µg/g.

Enzymes are…
Biological molecules that catalyse (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. An important function of enzymes is in the digestive systems of animals. Enzymes such as amylases and proteases break down large molecules (starch or proteins, respectively) into smaller ones, so they can be absorbed by the intestines. Starch molecules, for example, are too large to be absorbed from the intestine, but enzymes hydrolyze the starch chains into smaller molecules such as maltose and eventually glucose, which can then be absorbed. Other nutrients in Seagreens® have beneficial effects on certain digestive enzymes resulting in prolonged carbohydrate digestion and the steadier release of sugars.

Essential fatty acids
Total EPA and DHA Omega-3 1.56 mg, Omega-3 3.40 mg, Omega-6 10.24 mg, Omega 9 24.92 mg, Oleic acid 5.60 mg, Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) (antioxidant) 1 mg, Eicosapentenoic acid (EPA) 0.012 mg, Docosapentaenoic (DPA) 0.008 mg, Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) 0.012 mg, Monounsaturated fatty acids 16.04 mg, Polyunsaturated fatty acids 10.12 mg, Saturated fatty acids 6.32 mg, Trans fatty acids 0.012 mg.

Essential fatty acids are…
Fatty acids (EFAs) that humans and other animals must obtain from food because they are essential for good health but our bodies cannot synthesize them, including the vital-to-the-brain PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids). The term “essential fatty acid” refers to fatty acids required for many neural and other biological processes, and not those that solely act as fuel. Seagreens® Pelvetia seaweed (Channeled Wrack) is particularly rich in essential fatty acids and one reason for its inclusion in Seagreens® Food Capsules and Food Granules.

Minerals
Calcium (antioxidant) 24 mg, Magnesium (antioxidant) 16.06 mg, Nitrogen 18.80 mg, Phosphorus 8.04 mg, Potassium (antioxidant) 38.12 mg, Sodium 66 mg, Sulphur 56.32 mg.

Minerals are…
Solid and soluble naturally occurring substances available in edible form ranging from the rare earths in the form of clays, to various sands and salts, animal tissue (flesh and bones) and plants which absorb them from the soil and the ocean as ‘colloidal’ minerals (in a soluble suspended state). Colloidal minerals are never intrinsically toxic and this is the soluble form in which they present in Seagreens® seaweeds. Trace elements are minerals (metalloids or metallic elements) which represent only the smallest part of a living organism (less than 1mg per litre of internal fluid) yet are essential in its growth, equilibrium and regulatory processes. Quantity is less important than quality and in natural sources the trace elements exist in ideally balanced proportions and forms which allow the body to recognise and ultilise them. The human body and Seagreens® contain all the elements of the Periodic Table that are available to it in its environment. Seagreens® provide a natural balance of all the minerals and trace elements known to be present in the human body in colloidal form, of particularly valuable because it is otherwise “necessary that we consume some 20 different vegetables in the proper proportions, and that these vegetables have been grown in soil that is sufficiently rich in nutrients and free from the many different chemical products now in common use” (Muller, Colloidal Minerals and Trace Elements, 2002). Colloidal minerals and trace elements of sea or plant origin can be 98% assimilated. Their absorption is 2.5 times greater than that of chelated minerals and 10 times greater than that of non-organic minerals. 7,000 times smaller than red blood cells, colloidal minerals are readily absorbed because they contain a negative charge, while the intestinal wall holds a positive charge, creating a chemcial gradient which concentrates colloidal minerals towards the intestinal mucous and enables their absorption. A chelated mineral is bound or held by amino acid molecules which naturally encircle mineral atoms. Isolated metallic atoms do not naturally exist in the body. In Seagreens®, with its ample amino acid component, minerals are bound to protein ions in the most effective form of chelation which comes closest to achieving a neutral pH, which assists their absorption. Minerals help regulate the body’s elimination system and regenerate the blood at a molecular level. Mineral deficiency and imbalance thus puts us at risk of chronic toxicity, endemic in modern societies. Arsenic, for example, is essential for the survival of newborns. Dietary arsenic was eliminated in laboratory tests in rats with the result that their growth rate slowed, they lost their fur, they seldom moved and their red blood cells became inactive. When (colloidal) arsenic was introduced these effects were reversed. In all cases the amount of the element significantly alters its physiological effect. In an ionised form, calcium has coagulant properties, so that a large dose will restore calcium to bone or tissue, whilst very small amounts in colloidal form endows it with regulating properties. All trace elements can be toxic if taken in excess and some, such as aluminium, cadmium, mercury and arsenic are toxic at very low levels and may occur as environmental pollutants. Tolerable levels of arsenic are present in Seagreens® as in other natural foods and due in part to its high content of colloidal minerals, Seagreens® is also a natural binding or chelating agent assisting in the elimination of toxic heavy metals and other toxic substances. Seagreens® has the effect of restoring to the body the most primal natural marine balance of minerals and trace elements still available. Like seawater which has a pH between 7.9 and 8.3, Seagreens® are the most alkalising of all foods. It should not be at all surprising that its simple addition to the daily diet can so dramatically regulate both an overly acidic gastric and intestinal environment and an overly alkaline cellular environment, but in addition indirectly cure all kinds of disorders and diseases. Due to its electrolytic composition, “seawater (nutrition) fundamentally modifies the mineral content of different tissues by correcting ionic imbalances, which explains the effect it has on allergic diseases. In clinical settings the subjective and objective results were so favourable that it gave the impression of a specific curative effect” (Bensch, Therapeutic Properties of Seawater, Journal of Medicine, 1966).

Polyphenols
70,135.32 µg (antioxidant).

Polyphenols are…
Nutrients composed of four main classes – phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenes and lignans – principally found in fruits, berries, seeds, cereals and vegetables including onions, cocoa and tea. Lignans are derived from the amino acid phenylalanine. Polyphenols also include phenols and tannins. They are secondary metabolites of plants or the bacteria and fungi associated with them, which help protect the plant against aggressive pathogens and radiation. The sometimes confusing term ‘phenolic’ refers to phenol compounds within a larger class of organic ‘polyphenol’ compounds and all typically have valuable antioxidant properties which counter cellular damage and oxidative stress from free radicals (waste or by-products) arising from pollution, smoking and eating rancid or inflammatory foods as well as from the body’s normal metabolic processes. Tannins are particular polyphenolic compounds, found particularly in wines, tea, cocoa and many other plants, consisting of gallic acid derivatives, which bind to and precipitate proteins and are strongly antioxidant. Polyphenols are widely indicated in the prevention of human degenerative diseases and are anti-carcinogenic. The level of polyphenols in Seagreens® is directly related to its high antioxidant capacity – see also Antioxidant capacity above.

Proteins 
117.80 mg.

Proteins are…
Complex organic compounds of high molecular weight, essentially composed of at least 20 different amino acids in peptide linkages containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, principally nitrogen and usually sulphur, ubiquitous in plants and animals as the principal constituents of cell protoplasm. Each protein has a unique, genetically defined amino acid sequence which determines its structure and function. Proteins serve in oxygen transport, muscle contraction, electron transport and other activities, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle tissue, hair, collagen, and as enzymes, hormones, immunoglobulins and antibodies. Seagreens® is a source of high quality vegetable protein, containing the full balance of amino acids, of particular use for vegetarians and vegans because most other plant proteins are low in one or other essential amino acids. For instance, grains tend to be short of lysine whilst pulses are short of methionine. This does not mean that vegetarians or vegans need go short on essential amino acids. Combining plant proteins, such as a grain with a pulse, leads to a high quality protein which is just as good, and in some cases better, than protein from animal foods. The limiting amino acid tends to be different in different proteins, so when two different foods are combined, the amino acids in one protein can compensate for the one lacking in the other. This is known as protein complementing. Vegetarians and vegans eating a well-balanced diet based on grains, pulses, seeds, nuts and land and sea vegetables will be consuming a mixture of proteins that complement one another naturally without requiring any planning. Beans on toast, cheese or a peanut butter sandwich, muesli with milk (soya or cow’s) and rice with peas or beans, are all common examples of protein-complementing. The body retains a short-term store of essential amino acids so as long as deficiencies are replenished within a day or two, a well-balanced vegetarian or vegan diet can supply all the protein needed.

Sugars
Fructose 4.00 mg, Glucose 4.00 mg, Maltose 4.00 mg, Sucrose 4.00 mg.

Sugars are…
Simple monosaccharides like fructose, glucose and galactose and compound disaccharides like maltose and sucrose found in the tissues of most plants and are closely related. For example a molecule of lactose is formed by the combination of a molecule of galactose with one of glucose and is broken down in digestion by the enzyme lactase. Some people are deficient in this enzyme and cannot digest lactose, a sugar present in milk. The digestion of sugars releases energy into the bloodstream. Slow and prolonged release is assisted by the enzymatic effects of other Seagreens® nutrients, especially their unusual range of polysaccharides which are both soluble and insoluble carbohydrates some of which have ben shown to inhibit carbohydrate digesting enzymes.

Trace elements
Antimony 0.12 µg, Barium 10.80 µg, Beryllium 0.001 µg, Bismuth 0.001 µg, Boron 183.60 µg, Bromine 1,067.40 µg, Cerium 0.0001 µg, Cesium 0.08 µg, Chromium 0.80 µg, Cobalt 1.24 µg, Copper (antioxidant) 1.16 µg, Dysprosium 0.01 µg, Erbium trace µg, Europium 0.02 µg, Flouride (acid soluble) 11 µg, Gadolinium trace µg, Gallium 0.08 µg, Germanium 0.12 µg, Gold 0.020 µg, Hafnium 0.008 µg, Holmium trace µg, Iodine 1540 µg*, Iridium 0.052 µg, Iron 181.20 µg, Lanthanum trace µg, Lithium 0.68 µg, Lutetium 0.02 µg, Manganese (antioxidant as a component of Superoxide dismutase) 33.92 µg, Molybdenum 1.68 µg, Neodymium 0.0002 µg, Nickel 1.28 µg, Niobium 0.01 µg, Osmium 0.01 µg, Palladium 0.002 µg, Platinum 0.01 µg, Praeseodymium trace µg, Rhenium 0.26 µg, Rubidium 12.56 µg, Ruthenium 0.01 µg, Samarium trace µg, Scandium 0.0002 µg, Selenium (antioxidant) 0.08 µg, Silicon** 460.18 µg, Silver 0.12 µg, Strontium 1244 µg, Tantalum trace µg, Tellurium 0.10 µg, Terbium trace µg, Thallium 0.004 µg, Thorium 0.018 µg, Thuliam trace µg, Tin 0.04 µg, Titanium 6.40 µg, Tungsten 0.02 µg, Uranium 0.02 µg, Vanadium 4.82 µg, Ytterbium trace µg, Yttrium 0.0001 µg, Zinc (antioxidant) 48.32 µg, Zirconium 0.28 µg.

*For more iodine information and a comparison of iodine levels in Seagreens products see below ‘Iodine levels in Seagreens® nutrition products’.
**Silicon and silica are different chemical species, the key difference being that silicon is an element whereas silica is a compound. Higher levels in seaweed may indicate the coincidental collection of sand during harvesting and is indicative of low grade seaweed unlikely to have been produced to standards for human consumption.
Trace elements are…
Minerals present but comparatively rare in nature – many are even called ‘rare earth minerals’. Yet many are absent or deficient in soils partly because gravity, water and erosion makes minerals leach into the oceans, which is why they are all present for seaweeds to absorb into their own substance. There is no more comprehensive food source of the mineral trace elements. Trace elements are metalloids or metallic elements which represent only the smallest part of a living organism (less than 1mg per litre of internal fluid) yet are essential in its growth, equilibrium and regulatory processes. Quantity is less important than quality and in natural sources the trace elements exist in ideally balanced proportions and forms which allow the body to recognise and ultilise them. A single trace element may have different roles in numerous biochemical processes in the body. More than 67 have been found in Seagreens® seaweed species, the 58 presented here being regularly monitored. We continue to work towards the widest possible field of analysis. Like other minerals, trace elements are solid and soluble naturally occurring substances available in edible form ranging from the rare earths in the form of clays, to various sands and salts, animal tissue (flesh and bones) and plants which absorb them from the soil as ‘colloidal’ minerals (in a soluble suspended state). Colloidal minerals are never toxic and this is the soluble form in which they present in Seagreens® seaweeds. The human body and Seagreens® contain all the elements of the Periodic Table that are available to it in its environment. Seagreens® provide a natural balance of all the minerals and trace elements known to be present in the human body in colloidal form, of particularly valuable because it is otherwise “necessary that we consume some 20 different vegetables in the proper proportions, and that these vegetables have been grown in soil that is sufficiently rich in nutrients and free from the many different chemical products now in common use” (Muller, Colloidal Minerals and Trace Elements, 2002). Colloidal minerals and trace elements of sea or plant origin can be 98% assimilated. Their absorption is 2.5 times greater than that of chelated minerals and 10 times greater than that of non-organic minerals. 7,000 times smaller than red blood cells, colloidal minerals are readily absorbed because they contain a negative charge, while the intestinal wall holds a positive charge, creating a chemcial gradient which concentrates colloidal minerals towards the intestinal mucous and enables their absorption. A chelated mineral is bound or held by amino acid molecules which naturally encircle mineral atoms. Isolated metallic atoms do not naturally exist in the body. In Seagreens®, with its ample amino acid component, minerals are bound to protein ions in the most effective form of chelation which comes closest to achieving a neutral pH, which assists their absorption. Minerals help regulate the body’s elimination system and regenerate the blood at a molecular level. Mineral deficiency and imbalance thus puts us at risk of chronic toxicity, endemic in modern societies. Arsenic, for example, is essential for the survival of newborns. Dietary arsenic was eliminated in laboratory tests in rats with the result that their growth rate slowed, they lost their fur, they seldom moved and their red blood cells became inactive. When (colloidal) arsenic was introduced these effects were reversed. In all cases the amount of the element significantly alters its physiological effect. In an ionised form, calcium has coagulant properties, so that a large dose will restore calcium to bone or tissue, whilst very small amounts in colloidal form endows it with regulating properties. All trace elements can be toxic if taken in excess and some, such as aluminium, cadmium, mercury and arsenic are toxic at very low levels and may occur as environmental pollutants. Tolerable levels of arsenic are present in Seagreens® as in other natural foods and due in part to its high content of colloidal minerals, Seagreens® is also a natural binding or chelating agent assisting in the elimination of toxic heavy metals and other toxic substances. Seagreens® has the effect of restoring to the body the most primal natural marine balance of minerals and trace elements still available. Like seawater which has a pH between 7.9 and 8.3, Seagreens® are the most alkalising of all foods. It should not be at all surprising that its simple addition to the daily diet can so dramatically regulate both an overly acidic gastric and intestinal environment and an overly alkaline cellular environment, but in addition indirectly cure all kinds of disorders and diseases. Due to its electrolytic composition, “seawater (nutrition) fundamentally modifies the mineral content of different tissues by correcting ionic imbalances, which explains the effect it has on allergic diseases. In clinical settings the subjective and objective results were so favourable that it gave the impression of a specific curative effect” (Bensch, Therapeutic Properties of Seawater, Journal of Medicine, 1966).

Vitamins
A (precursor carotenoids, including betaine carotene, fucoxanthin and violaxanthin) (antioxidant) 63.40 µg, B1 (thiamin) 0.76 µg, B2 (riboflavin) 0.42 µg, B3 (niacin or vitamin PP) 12.67 µg, B5 (pantothenic acid and calcium pantothenate) 0.001 µg, B6 (pyridoxine) 0.0002 µg, B9 (folate) 1.80 µg, B12 (cobalamin) 0.003 µg, C (antioxidant) 848.26 µg, E (alpha-tocopherol) (antioxidant) with all the isomers of wheat germ 103.50 µg, H (biotin or vitamin B8) 0.09 µg, K (phytomenadione, K1 phylloquinone, K2 menaquinone 4 and menaquinone 7) 742 µg.

Vitamins are…
Organic fat- or water-soluble substances that are required in small amounts, necessary for numerous special functions and affected by environmental conditions such as light, heat and air. Food storage, processing and cooking can all act to reduce the level of vitamins in food. The fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E and K which can be stored in the body and so dietary sources are not needed every day. The water-soluble vitamins are C and the B group which includes B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, folic acid, biotin and pantothenic acid. The body is less able to store water-soluble vitamins, with the exception of vitamin B12 which is stored in the liver, and so they are needed daily and are more easily lost during cooking. Vitamin A, C, D2, D3 and E are also antioxidants. Seagreens® contains an exceptional balance of small but significant amounts of all of these vitamins.

Nutritional values (typical) per 100 g.

Iodine is…
A naturally occurring mineral element, drawn from the ocean into the plant, transformed into soluble iodine (I2) and Iodide (I-), chelated (bound) to protein ions in the seaweed. It contributes to normal thyroid, skin, nervous system and cognitive function, energy-yielding metabolism, and normal growth in children. Iodine levels in different seaweed species have predictable variances and averages which in Seagreens®, are particularly well documented. In Seagreens® Ascophyllum nodosum the average iodine level has changed over 10 years by 150 points from 720 to 870µg/g. In other Seagreens® species the average iodine ranges from 200µg/g in Palmaria (Dulse), to 262µg/g in Pelvetia (Channel Wrack), 425µg/g in Fucus (Bladder Wrack) and 589µg/g in Alaria (Winged Kelp, often wrongly called Wakame) with a wider natural variance than many minerals. The British Health Food Manufacturers’ Association (HFMA) advises that iodine supplementation should not exceed 500µg iodine per day. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) allows an upper tolerable daily intake of 600μg day (EFSA NDA Panel, 2014) which permits the consumption of larger quantities of seaweed, among other iodine sources (seafood, meat and dairy products). In the USA this figure is 1100 µg per day. Iodine is mainly stored in the thyroid gland, and in a variety of tissues including mammary and salivary glands, eyes, gastric mucosa, and the cervix. Iodine receptors reject excessive iodine, which can be freely excreted in urine. “We found a difference in the amounts of iodine excreted consistent with the generally held view that most of the iodine will be excreted in urine if iodine stores are replete. We found that colonic fermentation is important to free iodine from the seaweed matrix (which) may delay iodine absorption with (the seaweed) iodine being released from the food over a longer period” (Combet). Naturally occurring halogens such as chlorine and bromide, also ubiquitous as industrial pollutants, may compete for iodine receptors and reduce the bioavailability of total dietary iodine. A 2018 review in the international scientific journal Food Chemistry noted that “concerns over iodine toxicity from eating seaweed appear to be unfounded. However, seaweed must be sourced from near-pristine and clean environments where there is no concern for biological and chemical contamination or other environmental pollutants”.

NFS makes the quality of certified seaweed in a product transparent to consumers, with access to its nutritional profile. The total composition of NFS seaweed is monitored and must meet minimum and maximum criteria both for the good stuff (nutrients) and the bad stuff (contaminants), compliant with the most stringent international food safety standards. NFS is more than a quality standard, enabling the sustainable production of world class seaweed for human consumption which gives seaweed producers access to new markets at home and abroad. Rooted in the principles of biodynamic, organic and sustainable farming, with aspects of marine science, botany, nutrition and conservation, NFS has been administered by the Seaweed Health Foundation together with the Biodynamic Association since inception in 2014.

It is our policy never to solicit opinions or endorsements.

“I would like to order more Seagreens® Food Capsules as they have proved very beneficial. My husband and I can certainly tell the difference after not taking any for a while – a good test to show that we need to continue taking them. Our dog has also benefitted from the Seagreens® Pet & Equine Granules in recovering from a sprained back leg. He has more energy and better weight. We’ve noticed his digestion is not so good when we stop giving him the Granules.”
Mrs KEM, Crowborough 2002

“All the cats and kittens are now having Pet & Equine Granules in their food. They are eating it up without any problems. They usually turn their noses up in suspicion when you add anything at all so this is good. It will be particularly interesting to see if there is any improvement in the breeding performance of Lily, who only ever has a single kitten! Also my young imported girl who had health problems as a kitten has just been mated and will be on it throughout her pregnancy.”
Susan Moreland, BA Vet MB MRCVS GCCF member, Bengal and Toyger Cat Breeder, Shropshire 2003

“I am writing to tell you about an experience with Seagreens that I hope you will find helpful. I have a Golden Retriever who has suffered from ‘hot spots’ all his life. For such a silly sounding name, the hot spot syndrome is an awful malady for both dog and owner to cope with. The spots are large raging sores that start out as an itch and can erupt anywhere on the dog’s body. There is no medication that seems to help. They just have to run their course. Because they itch so much and because the dog naturally scratches, a secondary infection is common. The sores take about a month to heal and I have not found a vet yet, who knows what causes them. They can only treat the resulting infections. We accidentally had a steer from a plumber who was working at our house, about a seaweed remedy he had found successful on his Golden Retriever. For three years we have been giving Tubby 1 teaspoon per day of your Seagreens Granules.  In year 1 the hot spot eruptions diminished considerably but still appeared from time to time. In year 2 they vanished.  We are now well into year 3 and so far, no new ones! Fingers crossed that the Seagreens® will continue to work. Please feel free to use this testimonial to help other Retriever owners in some way. Vets don’t seem to know about this and therefore neither do their clients. Retrievers are really wonderful dogs and this malady is horrible. They only know to scratch, lick or bite the spot and this only makes it worse. If you could do anything to help these lovely, happy, mad, wonderful dogs it would be incredibly kind. One last story – we go often to Cornwall where we walk by the sea. Tubby has always loved seaweed and eats it every time we go to the beach. I have always heard that animals have a way of knowing instinctively what is good for them. It makes you think there really is something to all this.”
Mrs Lea Hoerner, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 2008

“My 13 year old cairn terrier, Jasper, is taking Seagreens® Pet & Equine Granules and has been doing so all this year. He has a history of skin problems, digestive troubles and sensitivity to loud noise – in short, a bundle of problems. This year has been radically different. Usually by this time of year he is almost bald from tail to shoulders, from scratching and licking, and his tummy is not bloated any more. The only change to what I have tried in previous years is to start Jasper on your Seagreens®. so that is what I am crediting with his improved health. Many thanks, I could not recommend the product more highly.”
Rachel Richards. Homeopath, West Sussex 2008

“I can confirm that the cat is thriving on your Pet & Equine Granules and my daughter is going to start her dog on them too. My other daughter, who took Seagreens® Food Capsules intermittently, has been encouraged to take two capsules a day. She is about to embark on a nutrition course. I’m afraid I’ve yet to get my husband on them, although I am working on it!”
AS-H, Dorset 2009

“I must tell you what has happened since December 2009 when I started giving my little Norwich Terrier Freddie the Pet & Equine Granules. I bought him as a 7 month puppy from a reputable breeder, but at a year old he showed symptoms of demodectic mange. January 2009 I took him to the University of Cambridge, Queen’s Veterinary Hospital where they confirmed his condition and told me that puppies get this from suckling from their mother who carries the condition. It is all to do with the puppies immune system that perhaps is not strong. But after putting him through 3 lots of complete shaves to enable the vets to treat his skin it was not until September that the vets eventually considered the mites were dead. At that time I was not aware of the Pet & Equine Granules, although I am a long term advocate of Seagreens® for myself. I had tried everything for his immune system, even importing powders from the USA. In December I was ready to order some capsules for myself when I noticed an article about your Pet Granules, and knew that I should try them for Freddie. The results in the last 3 months have been phenomenal! He is bright eyed, lively and eating well, especially celery, which he seems to crave (something to do with the fact he had had toxic washes for so long, and apparently celery contains an anti-toxic agent). I am convinced his immune system has improved since taking the Granules, and congratulate you for producing them. I have recommended them to my local vet.”
KM Perkins, Peterborough 2010

“Performance horses can be prone to ulcers due to feeding cereal diets from a young age. A horse’s stomach is small compared to its overall size and weight and feed needs to be no more than 2 – 2.5% of body weight. Nonetheless especially working and performance horses need high energy diets. Feeding modern compound feeds which have an over-abundance of starch can cause digestive disorders like colic, laminitis and tying up. A balanced feed should therefore include protein, essential fatty acids (especially Omegas 3 and 6), vitamins, minerals and micronutrients. In other words, a broad spectrum supplement. Seagreens® provides the complete nutritional spectrum as a natural whole food. It includes all the minerals and approximately 25% polysaccharides found only in seaweed. These slow digesting natural sugars are found to be an effective prebiotic, helping to digest carbohydrate and make a significant contribution to the health of the gut and bowel. In 2010 we conducted a small trial among selected under-performing racehorses between 2 and 6 years old during training. None of the horses had previously had Seagreens® and no other changes were made to their feed intake. After 3 months on 20 grams Seagreens per day in their feed, the trainers noticed increased strength, better temperament and better coat. They described the acceptability and appeal of the Seagreens to the horses as ‘excellent’ and ease of inclusion in the feed as ‘very good’.”
BC, Nutritional adviser to racing stables, Northamptonshire 2011.

“My Mum has used Seagreens Pet & Equine Granules on her dog which had dry skin patches and they have totally cleared up since she started sprinkling the Granules in the dog’s food.”
VB, Nottingham 2013

In health stores, supermarkets and online, these products also contain Seagreens® Nutritious Food Seaweed ingredients